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Vespasianus



1. History
2. Coinage
2.1. Some general notes
2.2. The Types
2.3. Coins


1. Biography

Titus Flavius Vespasianus, born on November 17th 9 AD close to Retae in Sabinum, was the son of Flavius Sabinus, a member of the knight′s class. Already at the age of about 20 years, Vespasian started his successful political career, as he was tribunus militum in Thrace. Later he was provincial Quaestor for Crete and Cyrenaica (35-36?), Aedil (38), Praetor (39/40), Legate of the Legio II Augusta (42/3-47), Suffect Consul (51), Proconsul in Africa (ca. 63-64) and Comes Neronis in Achaia (66-67). In 67 AD, he took charge over the three legions destined to suppress the Jewis revolt. While he was still operating in Iudaea, the Year of the Four Emperors brought unrest and civil war to the Empire. Vespasian first supported Galba and Otho, but after Vitellius made himself Emperor, Vespasian, supported by the Egyptian prefect Tiberius Iulius Alexander, was made emperor by the eastern legions. Before he himself could march on Rome, the Danubian legions, who declared themselves for him, invaded Italy and killed Vitellius. Vespasian now was the undisputed ruler of the Empire.
The new princeps soon proved to be a pragmatic and capable emperor. He limited the number of the legions, reorganised the finances and conducted a successful foreign policy. His son and heir Titus brought the Jewish revolt to an end by capturing and sacking Jerusalem in 70 AD. In Germany, Vespasian annexed the agri decimates to shorten the frontier, while he also initialized the final conquest of Britain. Today, he is better known for setting the foundations of the amphiteatrum flavium (the Colosseum) and for his striking quotations like pecunia non olet (money does not stink). There can be no doubt Vespasian was one of the most capable Roman Emperors and he inherited his sons a well organized Empire after his death on June 23rd 79 AD.


2. Coinage

2.1. Some general notes

One characteristic point for the coinage of Vespasian is the ongoing centralization of the mints during his reign. All in total, the following mints issued coins:

Rome: 69-79, all metals and denominations
Lugdunum: 70-72, all metals and denominations. 77-78, only Sestertii, Dupondii and Asses
Spain, probably two different uncertain mints: 69-70, all metals and denominations
Uncertain early military mints:
   - Group 1: Moesia, 69-70, Aurei and Denarii
   - Group 2: uncertain western mint, 69-70, only Denarii
   - Groups 3-5: uncertain mints, 69-71, Aurei and Denarii
Ephesus: 70-74, Aurei, Denarii and Cistophors
Later Asia Minor mint (Ephesus?): 76, only Denarii
Later Asia Minor mint (Ephesus?): 77-78, only AE
Egypt, Judaea and Syria:
   - Group 1: Alexandria (?), 69-70, only Aurei
   - Group 2: Judaea, 70, Aurei
   - Group 3: Antiochia, 70, Aurei and Denarii
   - Group 4: Antiochia, 72 (?)-73, mainly Aurei
   - Group 5: Antiochia, 72, Denarii
"For Syria" (Aurichalcum from the Rome mint): 74, only AE


2.2. Portrait

The portraiture of Vespasian is very honest and realistic: it shows an aged, brawny and bull-necked head with a striking chin and a typical Roman hook-nose. There are stylistic differences between the mints, but apart from the earliest, Vitellius-looking portraits the image of Vespasian does not change a lot during his ten year reign.

Different portraits of Vespasianus.
Rome Ephesos


2.3. The Types

Apart from the standard types like Pax and Vesta, Vespasian issued a lot of propagandistic coins relating to the Judaean campaigns. We encounter the victorious emperor, the mourning Judaea and triumphal quadrigae. Another remarkable appearance are dynastical types copying earlier prototypes and proclaiming a secured succession of the throne.

Sesterius of Vespasian, Rome mint, with IVDAEA CAPTA reverse legend. The image shows a mourning Iudaea and a Jew with bound hands, two heap of weapons and a palm tree.
Denarius of Vespasian, Ephesus mint, on the reverse the two Caesares Titus and Domitian, surrounded by the legend LIBERI IMP AVG VESPAS.


2.4. Coins


Legend-combinations alphabetically sortedAll legends

ObverseReverse
CAES AVG F DOMIT COS IIVESTA
VICTORIA AVGVSTI
(No legend)
CAES AVG F DOMIT COS IIICOS VII
FIDES IVBI
FIDES PVBI
PON MAX TR P COS VI
PON MAX TR P COS VII
PRINCEPS IVVENTVT
PRINCIPS IVVENTVT
VICTORIA AVGVSTI
(No legend)
CAES AVG F DOMIT COS IIIIPRINCEPS IVVENTVT
CAES AVG F DOMITI COS IIIPRINCEPS IVVENTVT
CAES AVG F DOMITIAN COS IIVESTA
(No legend)
CAES AVG F DOMITIANVSCOS IIII
CAESAR AVG F DOMITIAN COS IIAEQVITAS AVGVST S C
FELICITAS PVBLIC S C
FELICITAS PVBLICA S C
PAX AVGVST S C
PAX AVGVSTI S C
PRINCIP IVVENT S C
PROVIDENT S C
S C
VESTA S C
VICTORIA AVGVST S C
VICTORIA AVGVSTI S C
VICTORIA NAVALIS S C
CAESAR AVG F DOMITIAN COS IIIAEQVITAS AVGVST S C
FELICITAS PVBLICA S C
PAX AVGVST S C
PRINCIP IVVENT S C
S C
CAESAR AVG F DOMITIAN COS IVAEQVITAS AVGVST S C
FELICITAS PVBLICA S C
S C
CAESAR AVG F DOMITIAN COS VANNONA AVGVST S C
S C
CAESAR AVG F DOMITIAN COS VICERES AVGVST S C
FELICITAS PVBLICA S C
PRINCEPS IVVENTVTIS S C
VICTORIA AVGVST S C
CAESAR AVG F DOMITIANVSCERES AVGVST
COS III
COS IIII
COS V
FIDES IVBI
FIDES PVBI
FIDES PVBL
PON MAX TR P COS IIII
VICTORIA AVGVST
CAESAR AVG F DOMITIANVS COS DES IIPAX AVGVST S C
PROVIDENT S C
S C
VESTA S C
VICTORIA AVGVSTI S C
CAESAR AVG F DOMITIANVS COS IIPAX AVGVST S C
ROMA S C
S C
CAESAR AVG F DOMITIANVS COS IIIIAEQVITAS AVGVST S C
ANNONA AVGVST S C
FELICITAS PVBLICA S C
PAX AVGVST S C
PAX AVGVSTI S C
PRINCIP IVVENT S C
S C
VICTORIA AVGVST S C
CAESAR AVG F DOMITIANVS COS VAEQVITAS AVGSTI S C
AEQVITAS AVGVST S C
ANNONA AVGVST S C
CERES AVGVST S C
FELICITAS PVBLICA S C
PAX AVG S C
PAX AVGVST S C
PRINCIP IVENT S C
PRINCIP IVVENT S C
S C
VICTORIA AVGVST S C
CAESAR AVG F DOMITIANVS COS VIANNONA AVGVST S C
PAX AVGVST S C
PRINCEPS IVVENTVTIS
PRINCPS IVVENTVTIS
S C
VICTORIA AVGVSTI
CAESAR AVG FIL DOMITIANVS COS VS C
CAESAR AVGVSTI FDOMITIANVS COS II
CAESAR DOMITIANVS AVG FCOS V PRINC IVVENT S C
COS V PRINCEPS IVVENTVT S C
CAESAR VESPASIANVS AVGANNONA AVG
CERES AVGVST
IMP XIII
IMP XIX
VESTA
(No legend)
DOMITIANVS CAESAR AVG FAVG
CONCORDIA AVG
PACI AVGVSTAE
PACI ORB TERR AVG
IMP CAES AVG VESPAS COS II TR POTFORTVNAE REDVCI S C
PAX AVGVSTI S C
S C
T ET DOM C EX S C
IMP CAES VES AVGP M TR P P P COS III S C
IMP CAES VESP AVG CENPAX AVG
PONTIF MAXIM
S P Q R
SALVS AVG
VESTA
IMP CAES VESP AVG CENSPAX AVG
PONTIF MAXIM
VESTA
IMP CAES VESP AVG P MAVGVR PON MAX
AVGVR TRI POT
NEP RED
PON MAX
TRI POT
TRI POT II COS III P P
VIC AVG
(No legend)
IMP CAES VESP AVG P M COS IIIIAVGVR TRI POT
CONCORDIA AVGVSTI
NEP RED
TRI POT
VESTA
VIC AVG
VICTORIA AVGVSTI
(No legend)
IMP CAES VESP AVG P M COS IIII CEVICTORIA AVGVSTI
IMP CAES VESP AVG P M COS IIII CENFIDES PVBL
PAX AVG
S P Q R
SALVS AVG
VESTA
IMP CAES VESP AVG P M COS IIII CENSVICTORIA AVGVSTI
IMP CAES VESP AVG P M COS V CENSVICTORIA AVGVSTI
IMP CAES VESP AVG P M T P COS III CENSFELICITAS PVBLICA S C
IMP CAES VESP AVG P M T P COS IIII CENSAEQVITAS AVGVSTI S C
CONCORDIA AVGVSTI S C
FELICITAS PVBLICA S C
PAX AVGVST S C
PROVIDENT S C
ROMA S C
S C
S P Q R OB CIV SER
VESTA S C
VICTORIA AVGVST S C
VICTORIA AVGVSTI S C
VICTORIA NAVALIS S C
IMP CAES VESP AVG P M T P COS V CENSAEQVITAS AVGVST S C
FELICITAS PVBLICA S C
IMP CAES VESP AVG P M T P COS IIII CENS
PAX AVGVST S C
PRINCIP IVVENT S C
PROVIDEN S C
VICTORIA AVGVST S C
IMP CAES VESP AVG P M T P COS VIFELICITAS PVBLICA S C
PAX AVGVST S C
VESTA S C
IMP CAES VESP AVG P M T P COS VIIFELICITAS PVBLICA S C
PRINCIP IVVENT S C
S C
VESTA S C
VICTORIA AVGVST
IMP CAES VESP AVG P M T P COS VIIIFELICITAS PVBLICA S C
S C
IMP CAES VESP AVG P M T P P P COS IIII CENSFORTVNAE REDVCI S C
MARS VICTOR S C
PAX AVGVSTI S C
PAXX AVGVSTI S C
ROMA S C
S C
IMP CAES VESP AVG P M TR P COS VIIIAEQVITAS AVGVST S C
IMP CAES VESPAS AVGAVG
CONCORDIA AVG
LIBERI IMP AVG VESPAS
PACI AVGVSTAE
PACI ORB TERR AVG
IMP CAES VESPAS AVG P M TR P IIII P P COS IIIIDE IVDAEIS
PACI AVGVSTI
IMP CAES VESPAS AVG P M TR P P P COS IIIAEQVITAS AVGVSTI S C
CONCOR AVG S C
FIDES EXERCITVVM S C
FORTVNAE REDVCI S C
HONOS ET VIRTVS S C
IVDAEA CAPTA S C
LIBERTAS PVBLICA S C
MARS VICTOR S C
PAX AVG S C
PAX AVGVSTI S C
ROMA S C
S C
S P Q R ADSERTORI LIBERTATIS PVBLICAE
S P Q R OB CIVES SERVAT
S P Q R OB CIVES SERVATOS
SALVS AVGVSTA S C
SALVS AVGVSTI S C
VICTORIA AVGVSTI S C
IMP CAES VESPAS AVG P M TR P P P COS IIIIFORTVNAE REDVCI S C
IVDAEA CAPTA S C
LIBERTAS PVBLICA S C
PAX AVGVSTI S C
ROMA RESVRGES S C
ROMA S C
S C
SALVS AVGVSTA S C
VICTORIA AVGVSTI S C
IMP CAES VESPAS AVG P M TR P P V COS IIIIS C
IMP CAES VESPASIAN AVGPON M TR P P P COS III S C
IMP CAES VESPASIAN AVG COS IIIAEQVITAS AVGVSTI S C
CERES AVG S C
CERES AVGVST S C
CERES AVGVSTA S C
CONCOR AVG S C
CONCORDIA AVG S C
CONCORDIA AVGVSTI S C
FELICITAS PVBLICA S C
FIDES PVBLICA
FIDES PVBLICA S C
FORTVNAE REDVCI S C
IVDAEA CAPTA S C
IVDEA CAPTA S C
LIBERTAS PVBLICA S C
PAX AVG S C
PAX AVGVST S C
PAX AVGVSTA S C
PAX AVGVSTI S C
PAXS AVGVSTI S C
PROVID S C
PROVIDE S C
PROVIDEN S C
PROVIDENT S C
ROMA S C
S C
SALVS AVGVSTI S C
SECVRITAS AVGVSTI S C
SECVRITAS P ROMANI S C
TVTELA AVGVSTI S C
VICTOR AVGVSTI S C
VICTORIA AVG S C
VICTORIA AVGVSTI S C
VICTORIA NAVALIS S C
IMP CAES VESPASIAN AVG COS IIIIAEQVITAS AVGVSTI S C
CONCORDIA AVGVSTI S C
FELICITAS PVBLICA S C
FIDES PVBLICA S C
PAX AVGVSTA S C
ROMA S C
ROMA VICTRIX S C
S C
VICTORIA NAVALIS S C
IMP CAES VESPASIAN AVG COS VIII P PAEQVITAS AVGVS S C
AEQVITAS AVGVSTI S C
FIDES PVBLIC S C
FIDES PVBLICA S C
FORTVNAE REDVCI S C
IVDAEA CAPTA S C
PAX AVG S C
PROVIDENT S C
ROMA S C
S C
VICTORIA AVGVSTI S C
VICTORIA NAVALIS S C
IMP CAES VESPASIAN AVG P M T P P P COS IIPAX AVGVSTA S C
IMP CAES VESPASIAN AVG P M T P P P COS II D IIICONCORDIA AVGVSTI S C
IMP AVG F COS DESIGN II CAESAR AVG F COS DESIG
SECVRITAS P ROMANI S C
IMP CAES VESPASIAN AVG P M TR P COS IIIIROMA S C
IMP CAES VESPASIAN AVG P M TR P P P COS IIIAVGVSTI VICTORIA S C
CAES AVG F COS DESIG IMP AVG F COS DESIG ITR
CAES AVG F DES IMP AVG F COS DES IT S C
CAES AVG F DES IMP AVG F COS DES ITE S C
CAES AVG F DES IMP AVG F COS DES ITER S C
CAES AVG F DESIG IMP AVG F COS DESIG ITE S C
CAES AVG F DESIG IMP AVG F COS DESIG ITER S C
CAESAR AVG F DES IMP AVG F COS DES II S C
CAESAR AVG F DES IMP AVG F COS DES IT S C
CAPTA IVDAEA S C
CONCORDIA AVGVSTI S C
FIDES EXERCITVVM S C
FORTVNA REDVCI S C
IVDAEA CAPTA S C
IVDEA CAPTA S C
LIBERTAS AVGVSTI S C
LIBERTAS PVBLICA S C
MARS VLTOR S C
PACI AVGVSTI
PAX AVG S C
PAX AVGVSTI S C
PAX P ROMANI S C
ROMA RESVRGES S C
ROMA S C
ROMA VICTRIX S C
S C
S P Q R ADSERTORI LIBERTATIS PVBLIC
S P Q R ADSERTORI LIBERTATIS PVBLICAE
S P Q R OB CIVES SERVATOS
S P Q R P P OB C S
S P Q R P P OB CIVES SERVATOS
SALVS AVGVSTA S C
SALVS AVGVSTI S C
SPES AVGVSTA S C
T IMP CAESAR COS DES II CAESAR DOMIT COS DES II S C
VICTORIA AVG S C
VICTORIA AVGVSTI S C
IMP CAES VESPASIAN AVG P M TR P P P COS IIIICAESAR DOMITIAN COS II S C
FORTVNAE REDVCI S C
IVDAEA CAPTA S C
PAX AVGVSTI S C
ROMA S C
S C
S P Q R P P OB CIVES SERVATOS
T IMP AVG F COS II CAESAR DOMITIAN AVG F COS DESIG II S C
T IMP AVG F COS II CAESAR DOMITIANVS AVG F COS DESG II S C
VICTORIA AVGVSTI S C
IMP CAES VESPASIAN AVG P M TR P P P COS V CENSPAX AVGVST S C
S C
IMP CAES VESPASIAN AVG P M TR P P P COS VICERES AVGVST S C
PAX AVGVSTI S C
ROMA S C
S C
IMP CAES VESPASIAN AVG P M TR P P P COS VIIANNONA AVGVST S C
CERES AVGVST S C
FORTVNAE REDVCI S C
PAX AVGVST S C
PAX AVGVSTI S C
S C
IMP CAES VESPASIAN AVG P M TR P P P COS VIIIANNONA AVGVST S C
FORTVNAE REDVCI S C
IVDAEA CAPTA S C
PAX AVGVST S C
ROMA S C
S C
S P Q R OB CIVES SERVATOS
SALVS AVGVSTA S C
SPES AVGVSTA S C
IMP CAES VESPASIAN AVG P M TR P P P COS VIIIIANNONA AVGVST S C
S C
IMP CAES VESPASIAN AVG P M TR POT P P COS IIILIBERTAS PVBLICA S C
IMP CAES VESPASIAN AVG P P COS IIIIAEQVITAS AVGVSTI S C
FELICITAS PVBLICA S C
FIDES PVBLICA S C
S C
VICTORIA NAVALIS S C
IMP CAES VESPASIAN COS VIIIS C
IMP CAES VESPASIANVS AVGEXSERCITVS MOESICVS
VICT AVG
IMP CAES VESPASIANVS AVG COS IIIFELICITAS PVBLICA S C
FIDES PVBLICA S C
FORTVNAE REDVCI S C
PAX AVG S C
PAX AVGVSTA S C
ROMA S C
S C
SECVRITAS AVGVSTI S C
VICTORIA AVGVSTI S C
VICTORIA NAVALIS S C
IMP CAES VESPASIANVS AVG P M T P P P COS IIIMARS VLTOR S C
IMP CAESARVESP AVG
IMP CAESAR AVG VESPASIANEX S C OB CIV SER
IMP CAESAR AVG VESPASIANVSCONSENSVS EXERCITVVM
HISPANIA
MARS VLTOR
PAX
IMP CAESAR AVG VIISPAS•SIANCONCOR AVG S C
CONCORDIA AVGVSTI S C
PROVID S C
IMP CAESAR VESP AVGCOS V
FORTVNA AVGVST
PON MAX TR P COS V
PONTIF MAXIM
PONTIF TR POT
IMP CAESAR VESP AVG CENSORVESTA
IMP CAESAR VESP AVG COS V CENAEQVITAS AVGVST S C
IMP CAESAR VESP AVG COS V CENSAEQVITAS AVGVST S C
CAESAR AVG F DOMITIAN COS II
FELICITAS PVBLICA S C
PAX AVGVST S C
S C
VICTORIA AVGVST S C
IMP CAESAR VESP AVG COS VIAEQVITAS AVGVST S C
AETERNITAS AVGVSTI S C
S C
VICTORIA AVGVST S C
IMP CAESAR VESP AVG COS VIIAEQVITAS AVGVST S C
AEQVITAS AVGVSTI S C
S C
VICTORIA AVGVST S C
IMP CAESAR VESP AVG COS VIIIAEQVITAS AVGVST S C
S C
VICTORIA AVGVSTI S C
IMP CAESAR VESPAS AVGPACI AVGVSTAE
PACI ORB TERR AVG
IMP CAESAR VESPAS AVG COS II TR P P PAVG
CONCORDIA AVG
LIBERI IMP AVG VESPAS
PACI AVGVSTAE
PACI ORB TERR AVG
IMP CAESAR VESPAS AVG COS III TR P P PAVG
CONCORDIA AVG
LIBERI IMP AVG VESPAS
PACI AVGVSTAE
PACI ORB TERR AVG
IMP CAESAR VESPAS AVG COS IIII TR P P PAVG
CONCORDIA AVG
PACI AVGVSTAE
PACI ORB TERR AVG
IMP CAESAR VESPAS AVG COS V TR P P PAVG
CONCORDIA AVG
PACI AVGVSTAE
PACI ORB TERR AVG
IMP CAESAR VESPAS AVG COS V TR P P P ºAVG
CONCORDIA AVG
PACI AVGVSTAE
IMP CAESAR VESPASIAN AVGAEQVITAS AVGVST S C
PON MAX TR P P P COS VIII CENS S C
PON MAX TR POT P P COS V CENS
VICTORIA AVGVST
VICTORIA AVGVSTI
IMP CAESAR VESPASIAN AVG COS IIIAEQVITAS AVGVSTI S C
FIDES PVBLICA S C
FORTVNAE REDVCI S C
PAX AVG S C
PROVIDENT S C
ROMA S C
S C
SECVRITAS AVGVSTI S C
VICTORIA AVGVSTI S C
VICTORIA NAVALIS S C
IMP CAESAR VESPASIAN AVG COS IIIIAEQVITAS AVGVSTI S C
FORTVNAE REDVCI S C
PAX AVG S C
PROVIDENT S C
ROMA S C
S C
SECVRITAS AVGVSTI S C
VICTORIA AVGVSTI S C
VICTORIA NAVALIS S C
IMP CAESAR VESPASIAN AVG P M TR POT P P COS IIILIBERTAS PVBLICA S C
S P Q R OB CIV SER
SIGNIS RECEPTIS S C
VICTORIA AVGVSTI S C
IMP CAESAR VESPASIAN AVGVSTPON MAX TR P P P COS VIII CENS S C
S C
S P Q R OB C S
IMP CAESAR VESPASIAN COS VIIIAEQVITAS AVGVST S C
ANNONA AVGVST S C
CERES AVGVST S C
CERES AVGVSTA S C
FELICITAS PVBLICA S C
PAX AVGVST S C
S C
VESTA S C
VICTORIA AVGVSTI S C
IMP CAESAR VESPASIAN COS VIIIICERES AVGVST S C
S C
VICTORIA AVGVST S C
IMP CAESAR VESPASIANVS AVMARS VLTOR
IMP CAESAR VESPASIANVS AVGAETERNITAS
AVGVR TRI POT
CAESAR AVG F COS CAESAR AVG F PR
CAESAR AVG F COS CAESAR AVG F PR S C
CONCORDIA AVG
CONSEN EXERCIT
CONSENSVS EXERCITVS
CONSESVS EXERCIT
COS DESIG III TR POT
COS DESIG III TR POT S C
COS III TR POT
COS IIII
COS ITER
COS ITER FORT RED
COS ITER FORT RED S C
COS ITER TR POT
COS ITER TR POT S C
COS TR POT
COS V
COS VI
COS VII
COS VIII
COS VIIII
FIDES IVBI
FIDES PVBI
FIDES PVBL
FORTVNA AVGVST
FORTVNAE VICTRICI
GENIVM P R
GENIVS P R
IMP
IMP V P P COS II DESIG III
IMP V P P COS II DESIG III FORT RED S C
IMP V P P COS II DESIG III S C
IMP XIIII
IMP XIX
IMPER
ION MAX TR P COS V
ION MAX TR P COT II
IOVIS CVSTOS
IVDAEA
IVDAEA CAPTA
IVDAEA S C
LIBERTAS PVBLICA
MARS CONSERV
MARS VLTOR
OB CIVIS SERVATOS
PACIS EVENT
PACIS EVENTVM
PAX AVGVST
PON MAX TR P COS V
PON MAX TR P COS VI
PON MAX TR P COS VII
PON MAX TR POT P P COS V CENS
PONTIF TR P COS III
PONTIF TR P COS IIII
PRINCEPS IVVENTVT
R
IMP CAESAR VESPASIANVS AVG COS IIIIVDAEA CAPTA S C
IMP CAESAR VESPASIANVS AVG COS IXVICTORIA AVGVST
IMP CAESAR VESPASIANVS AVG COS VIIVICTORIA AVGVST
IMP CAESAR VESPASIANVS AVG COS VIIIVICTORIA AVGVST
IMP CAESAR VESPASIANVS AVG P M T P P P COS II DES IIIAETERNITAS P R S C
FORTVNAE REDVCI S C
PAX AVGVSTI S C
S P Q R ADSERTORI LIBERTATIS PVBLIC
IMP CAESAR VESPASIANVS AVG P M T P P P COS IIICAESAR AVG F DES IMP AVG F COS DES II S C
CONCORDIA SENATVI S C
DEVICTA IVDAEA S C
FIDES EXERCITVVM S C
FORTVNA REDVCI S C
HONOS ET VIRTVS S C
IMPERATOR CAESAR S C
IVDAEA CAPTA S C
LIBERTAS PVBLICA S C
LIBERTAS RESTITVTA S C
MARS VICTOR S C
MARS VLTOR S C
PAX AVG S C
PAX AVGVSTI S C
PAX ORBIS TERRARVM S C
ROMA RESVRGES S C
ROMA S C
S C
S P Q R ADSERTORI LIBERTATIS PVBLIC
S P Q R ADSERTORI LIBERTATIS PVBLICAE
S P Q R OB CIV SER
SALVS AVGVSTA S C
SALVS AVGVSTI S C
SIGNIS RECEPTIS S C
VICTORIA AVGVSTI S C
IMP CAESAR VESPASIANVS AVG P M TR PCOS ITER TR POT
COS ITER TR POT S C
FELICITAS PVBLICA S C
FORTVNAE REDVCI S C
IMP V P P COS II DESIG III FORT RED S C
IMP V P P COS II DESIG III S C
IVD CAPTA S C
IVDAEA CAPTA S C
LIBERTAS PVBLICA S C
LIBERTAS RESTITVTA S C
PAX AVGVSTI S C
S C
SALVS AVGVSTI S C
T ET DOM CAESARES PRINC IVVEN S C
T ET DOMITIAN CAESARES PRIN IVVENT S C
T ET DOMITIANVS CAESA S C
TITVS ET D CAESAR VESPASIANVS S C
VICTORIA AVG S C
VICTORIA AVGVSTI S C
IMP CAESAR VESPASIANVS AVG TR PCONCORDIA AVG
COS III FORT RED
COS ITER FORT RED
COS ITER TR POT
DE IVDAEIS
FORTVNA AVGVST
IVDAEA
IVDAEA DEVICTA
S P Q R OB C S
TITVS ET DOMITIAN CAESARES PRIN IVEN
TITVS ET DOMITIANVS CAESAR PRIN IVEN
TITVS ET DOMITIANVS CAESARES PRIN IVEN
TRIVMP AVG
VICTORIA AVGVST
IMP CAESAR VESPASIANVS AVGVSLIBERTAS PVBLICA
IMP CAESAR VESPASIANVS AVGVSTLIBERTAS PVBLICA
IMP CAESAR VESPASIANVS AVGVSTVLIBERTAS PVBLICA
IMP CAESAR VESPASIANVS AVGVSTVSPONT MAX TR POT P P COS VIII CENS S C
T DOM CAE VESPASIANI AVGVSTI FILI
IMP T CAESAR COS IIIAVG
CONCORDIA AVG
PACI AVGVSTAE
PACI ORB TERR AVG
IMP VESP AVG COS VIIS C
IMP VESP AVG COS VIIIP M TR P P P COS VIII S C
S C
IMP VESP AVG COS VIIIIS C
IMP VESP CAES AVG PONT MAX TRIB POT COS IIIICOM ASIA
IMP VESPASIAN AVGP M T P P P COS IIII S C
P M TR P P P COS III S C
P M TR P P P COS IIII S C
P M TR P P P COS V S C
P M TR P P P COS VI
P M TR P P P COS VII
P M TR P P P COS VII S C
P M TR P P P COS VIII S C
PON M TR P P P COS III S C
S C
IMP VESPASIANVS COS VIIIS C
IMPERATOR T CAESAR AVGVSTI EAVG
IMPERATOR T CAESAR AVGVSTI FAVG
CONCORDIA AVG
PACI AVGVSTAE
PACI ORB TERR AVG
T CAES IMP AVG F PON TR P COS VI CENSORIVDAEA CAPTA S C
ROMA S C
S C
S P Q R OB CIVES SERVATOS
SALVS AVGVSTA S C
T CAES IMP AVG F TR P COS VI CENSORFELICITAS PVBLICA S C
FIDES PVBLIC S C
FIDES PVBLICA S C
FORTVNAE REDVCI S C
IVDAEA CAPTA S C
PAX AVG S C
PROVIDENT S C
ROMA S C
S C
SECVRITAS AVGVSTI S C
VICTORIA NAVALIS S C
T CAES IMP PON TR P COS II CENSAEQVITAS AVGVST S C
AEQVITAS AVGVSTI S C
CONCORDIA AVGVSTI S C
FELICITAS PVBLICA S C
FIDES PVBLICA S C
IVDAEA CAPTA S C
PAX AVGVST S C
PAX AVGVSTI S C
PROVIDENT S C
ROMA S C
ROMA VICTRIX S C
S C
S P Q R
VESTA S C
VICTORIA AVGVST S C
VICTORIA AVGVSTI S C
VICTORIA NAVALIS S C
T CAES IMP PON TR P COS III CENSPAX AVGVST S C
VICTORIA AVGVST S C
T CAES IMP PON TR P COS VI CENSORAEQVITAS AVGVSTI S C
PAX AVG S C
PROVIDENT S C
ROMA S C
S C
VICTORIA AVGVSTI S C
VICTORIA NAVALIS S C
T CAES IMP VESP CENPAX AVG
PONTIF MAXIM
SALVS AVG
VESTA
T CAES IMP VESP CENSCOS V
FIDES PVBL
PAX AVG
PON MAX TR P COS V
PONTIF MAXIM
PONTIF TRI POT
S P Q R
SALVS AVG
VESTA
T CAES IMP VESP P TR P CENSVICTORIA AVGVST
VICTORIA AVGVSTI
T CAES IMP VESP PON TR POTNEP RED
PAX AVG
VESTA
VIC AVG
VICTORIA AVGVSTI
(No legend)
T CAES IMP VESP PON TR POT CENSFIDES PVBL
PAX AVG
VESTA
(No legend)
T CAES VESP IMP PON TR POT COS II CENSFORTVNAE REDVCI S C
PAX AVGVST S C
PAX AVGVSTI S C
ROMA S C
S C
SALVS AVGVSTA S C
T CAES VESPAS IMP P TR P COS IIAEQVITAS AVGVST S C
AEQVITAS AVGVSTI S C
FELICITAS PVBLICA S C
VICTORIA AVGVSTI S C
VICTORIA NAVALIS S C
T CAES VESPAS IMP PON TR POT COS IIS C
VICTORIA AVGVSTI S C
T CAES VESPASIAN IMP P TR P COS IIAEQVITAS AVGVSTI S C
CONCORDIA AVGVSTI S C
FELICITAS PVBLICA S C
FIDES PVBLICA S C
IVDAEA CAPTA S C
PAX AVGVST S C
PROVIDENT S C
ROMA S C
ROMA VICTRIX S C
S C
VICTORIA AVGVST S C
VICTORIA AVGVSTI S C
VICTORIA NAVALIS S C
T CAES VESPASIAN IMP P TR P COS VIS C
VICTORIA AVGVST S C
VICTORIA NAVALIS S C
T CAES VESPASIAN IMP PON TR POT COSVICTORIA AVGVSTI S C
T CAES VESPASIAN IMP PON TR POT COS IICAESAR DOMITIAN COS DES II S C
CONGIAR PRIMVM PR DAT S C
FORTVNAE REDVCI S C
IVDAEA CAPTA S C
PAX AVGVSTI S C
ROMA S C
S C
S P Q R OB CIVES SERVATOS
SALVS AVGVSTA S C
VICTORIA AVGVSTI S C
T CAES VESPASIAN IMP PON TR POT COS III CENSPAX AVGVSTI S C
ROMA S C
S C
S P Q R OB CIV SER
T CAES VESPASIAN IMP PON TR POT COS VFORTVNAE REDVCI S C
PAX AVGVST S C
S C
T CAES VESPASIAN IMP PON TR POT COS VIANNONA AVGVST S C
S C
T CAESARIMP VESP
T CAESAR IMP COS II CENSFELICITAS PVBLICA S C
T CAESAR IMP COS III CENSAEQVITAS AVGVST S C
CAESAR AVG F DOMITIAN COS II
FELICITAS PVBLICA S C
PAX AVGVST S C
S C
TR POT COS III CENSOR
VICTORIA AVGVST S C
T CAESAR IMP COS IIIIFELICITAS PVBLICA S C
T CAESAR IMP COS VAEQVITAS AVGVST S C
AEQVITAS AVGVSTI S C
FELICITAS PVBLICA S C
PAX AVGVST S C
S C
VICTORIA AVGVST S C
T CAESAR IMP COS VIAEQVITAS AVGVST S C
S C
T CAESAR IMP PONTPON MAX TR POT P P COS V CENS
S C
TR POT COS III CENSOR
T CAESAR IMP TR P COS VICERES AVGVST S C
T CAESAR IMP VESPCOS III
FORTVNA AVGVST
PONTIF TR P COS III
PONTIF TR POT
T CAESAR IMP VESPASIANAETERNITAS
COS IIII
COS V
COS VI
IMP III
IOVIS CVSTOS
PAX AVGVST
PONTIF TR P COS III
PONTIF TR P COS IIII
PONTIF TR P COS V
PONTIF TR POT
VESTA
VICTORIA AVGVST
VICTORIA AVGVSTI
T CAESAR IMP VESPASIANVSAETERNITAS
COS V
COS VI
IOVIS CVSTOS
TR POT VIII COS VII
VICTORIA AVGVST
VICTORIA AVGVSTI
T CAESAR IMP VESPASIANVS COS IIIIPAX AVGVST S C
PAX AVGVSTI S C
ROMA S C
T CAESAR IMP VESPASIANVS COS VPAX AVGVST S C
T CAESAR IMP VESPASIANVS COS VIVICTORIA AVGVST
T CAESAR IMP VESPASIANVS COS VII(No legend)
T CAESAR IMPEP PONTS C
T CAESAR IMPER PONTTR POT COS VI CENSOR S C
T CAESAR VESPASIAN IMP III PON TR POT II COS IICAESAR DOMITIAN COS DES II S C
CONCOR AVG S C
CONCORDIA AVGVSTI S C
FELICITAS PVBLICA S C
FIDES PVBLICA S C
ROMA VICTRIX S C
S C
VICTORIA AVGVSTI S C
T CAESAR VESPASIAN IMP IIII PON TR POT II COS IICAESAR DOMITIAN COS DES II S C
CAESER DOMITIAN COS DES II S C
CONCOR AVG S C
FELICITAS PVBLICA S C
FIDES PVBLICA S C
IVDAEA CAPTA S C
PAX AVGVSTI S C
ROMA S C
ROMA VICTRIX S C
S C
VICTORIA AVGVSTI S C
T CAESAR VESPASIAN IMP IIII PON TR POT III COS IICONCOR AVG S C
CONCORDIA AVGVSTI S C
FELICITAS PVBLICA S C
FIDES PVBLICA S C
IVDAEA CAPTA S C
ROMA S C
S C
VICTORIA AVGVSTA S C
VICTORIA AVGVSTI S C
T CAESAR VESPASIAN IMP PON TR POT COS IIAEQVITAS AVGVST S C
AEQVITAS AVGVSTI S C
CAESAR DOMITIAN COS DES II S C
CONGIAR PRIMVM PR DAT S C
FELICITAS PVBLICA S C
IVDAEA CAPTA S C
PAX AVGVSTI S C
ROMA
ROMA VICTRIX S C
S C
SALVS AVGVSTA S C
VICTORIA AVGVSTI S C
VICTORIA NAVALIS S C
T CAESAR VESPASIANVSANNONA AVG
CERES AVGVST
IMP XIII
T CAESAR VESPASIANVS TR P COS VICERES AVGVST S C
FELICITAS PVBLICA S C
PRINCIP IVVENT S C
S C
VICTORIA AVGVST S C
VICTORIA AVGVSTI S C
T CAESAR VESPASIANVS TR P COS VIICERES AVGVST S C
VESPASIANVS CAESAR AVGVSIMP
VIRTVS AVGVST
(No legend)VESPASIANVS